Posts for category: Obstetrics Gynecology Care
Bleeding During Your First Trimester
Your body is going through a ton of changes, especially during the first trimester. So it shouldn’t come as much of a surprise that as many as 30 percent of women experience some sort of spotting or light bleeding during early pregnancy. Some of the causes of light bleeding or spotting include,
Implantation bleeding: After about 6 to 12 days after conception, some women experience cramping and light spotting. This is known as implantation bleeding. While some women may assume that their period is coming (since implantation bleeding usually appears a few days before a woman’s period), implantation bleeding is very light and may cause pink or brown spotting that may only last a day or two.
Bleeding During Second and Third Trimester
While light bleeding is fairly normal during the first trimester, it’s less common and more likely to be a concern if there is bleeding in the second or third trimester. If you are bleeding during your second or third trimester it’s best to talk with your OBGYN as it could be a sign of,
- Placental abruption
- Problems with the cervix such as an infection
- Placenta previa
- Premature labor
Since bleeding could be a sign of a miscarriage, ectopic pregnancy, or other serious problems, you must talk with your OBGYN about any bleeding you experience. You should call your doctor right away if,
- Your bleeding lasts more than 24 hours
- Bleeding is heavy or you pass blood clots or tissue
- Your bleeding is accompanied by abdominal pain, fevers, or chills
Dr. Debora Sedaghat provides pap smears at OC Women's Care in Fountain Valley, CA. We are here for all your OBGYN needs.
What is a pap smear?
A pap smear is routine screening for abnormal or precancerous cells in and around the cervix. Pap smears are in-office procedures performed by your OBGYN. During a pap smear, the vaginal opening and canal are expanded with a tool called a speculum, and then cells are collected from the outside of the cervix to be examined. The process can be uncomfortable or a little painful for some patients, but it is over quickly.
The cells are examined under a microscope for irregularities, looking for signs of precancerous conditions. OC Women's Care in Fountain Valley, CA, will contact you about any abnormal results on your pap smear.
Why is it important?
In a majority of cases, cervical cancer is caused by the human papillomavirus, or HPV. Early detection of high-risk HPV can help prevent cervical cancer.
The CDC recommends getting pap smears starting at age 21 and through age 65 every three years. After the age of 30, HR HPV is also checked at the time of pap smears. Based on the results of your pap smear, your OBGYN will advise when you should have your next screening. If you are healthy your doctor may tell you to come back in three years for paper smears but to continue with your annual exams which will include breast and pelvic exams every year. If they are watching precancerous cells, they may want you to return early in time for repeat pap smears or proceed with colposcopy and biopsies. Remember it's still important to have an annual exam even if you don't need a pap smear!
How can I protect myself?
Consistent screening is important to protect yourself from cervical cancer, but good habits are another way to be proactive. Practicing safe sex (using condoms) can prevent the spread of HPV. Smoking increases the risk of cervical cancer significantly and your OBGYN will recommend quitting smoking.
Come see Dr. Debora Sedaghat at OC Women's Care in Fountain Valley, CA, for a pap smear and cervical cancer screening. Give us a call at (714) 966-2112.
You’ve been running back and forth to the bathroom all day and you’ve noticed an increased urgency to pee, even after you’ve just gone. What gives? Well, if you notice burning or pain with urination you could very well be dealing with a bladder infection. Most people will experience a bladder infection at least once during their lifetime. If you are experiencing symptoms of a bladder infection you may want to call your OBGYN for a checkup.
What are the signs of a bladder infection?
Bladder infections are one of the most common urinary tract infections (UTIs). If you have a bladder infection you may experience,
- Strong-smelling urine
- Cloudy urine
- Increased urgency and frequency of urination
- Abdominal cramping
- Burning with urination
- Pain that lingers after urinating
How is a bladder infection treated?
Your OBGYN will prescribe an oral antibiotic to kill the bacteria in the bladder. You may also receive medication to ease burning and pain with urination. You must be drinking plenty of fluids to flush out bacteria in the bladder.
You should see an improvement in your symptoms after 2 days of taking the antibiotics, but you mustn’t stop taking your medication once you start to feel better, as the infection can return.
Is there a way to prevent bladder infections?
There are certain lifestyle adjustments that you can make to prevent the development of a bladder infection. Some of these habits include,
- Drinking enough water every day
- Taking showers over a bath
- Not douching or using scented feminine products
- Wearing loose-fitting clothes
- Urinating immediately before and after intercourse
Most of the time, this condition doesn’t cause any symptoms. Most women don’t even know they have it until they visit their gynecologist for their annual checkup. If you do have cervical ectropion you may notice,
- Spotting between periods
- Light discharge
- Discomfort during sex
If you aren’t experiencing symptoms, then treatment really isn’t necessary. In some cases, cervical ectropion may just go away on its own. Of course, heavy discharge, bleeding, or pain can be managed through cauterization (performed through heat, cold or silver nitrate), which removes the glandular cells from outside the cervix.
Finding out that there are cellular changes within the cervix can be a little unnerving, but this condition is completely harmless. If you are pregnant this will not harm your unborn child and this cervical ectropion will not increase your risk for cervical cancer.
You want to reach out to a lactation consultant if:
You are feeling nervous or worried about breastfeeding
No matter whether this is your first baby or your third, we know that every breastfeeding experience is different and that sometimes you need someone with experience and training to be able to provide you with encouragement, answers, and support. It’s natural to have questions or concerns along the way, but our team of lactation consultants can help support and encourage you every step of the way.
Your baby isn’t gaining weight
While milk supply is certainly a thing that mothers worry about, especially first-time moms, most of the time this isn’t an issue. If your baby is gaining weight then they are getting the milk they need; however, if you notice your baby’s weight staying the same or if your pediatrician mentions that your baby is losing weight, then it’s probably a good time to consult a lactation specialist who can provide you with simple strategies to improve milk supply.
You have multiple babies
If you have twins or triplets, then the thought of breastfeeding may be a bit overwhelming. Even before you give birth, you may benefit from visiting a lactation consultant to discuss ways to properly hold your babies and feed more than one at a time. A lactation consultant can also help you in the very beginning to determine if your milk supply is matching the increased demand.
You’re experiencing pain
Sure, breastfeeding can be a bit odd or tricky, but it should not be painful. If it is, then something is going on that shouldn’t be. So, if you are experiencing painful, sensitive, or even cracked nipples then it’s time to see someone. Putting up with the pain should not be an option, as this can lead to serious problems such as yeast infections and problems with milk supply.
If you’re having pain or difficulty with breastfeeding, you are not alone. An OBGYN can provide you with the lactation counseling and support you need. Talk with your OBGYN today.